Saturday, May 21, 2011

Enjoy Mozilla Firefox using best shortcuts keys

In Mozilla Firefox, you can use the combination of different keyboard keys to accomplish your routine task. With shortcut keys, you can speed up your surfing without lifting your hands from the keys; otherwise require a conventional mouse to select menus and buttons options. Basically keyboard shortcuts keys help you to save time and you can perform any tasks without leaving the keyboard keys.

Useful Mozilla Firefox shortcuts keys

Shortcut keys              Action

CTRL+A          Selects the all items on active page

CTRL+B          Display the "Organize Bookmarks" dialog box

CTRL+D          Include the active page to your Bookmarks list

CTRL+F          Display the "Find" dialog box to search text

CTRL+I          Display the Bookmarks pane

CTRL+H          Display the History sidebar of Mozilla Firefox

CTRL+N          Use to open new Mozilla Firefox page

CTRL+P          Use to print the active web page

CTRL+R          Use to reload the active web page

CTRL+T          Display a new Tab in active Firefox window

CTRL+U          View the source code of active web page

CTRL+W         Closes the active Mozilla Firefox window

CTRL++          Use to increase the font size of active page

CTRL+ -          Use to decrease the font size of active page

CTRL+           Tab Move to next Tab in Mozilla Firefox

ALT+Home      Use to open the home page of internet explorer

ALT+Left Arrow    Go to previous page of active page

ALT+Right Arrow  Go to next page of active page

ALT+B                Go to Mozilla Firefox Favorites Menu

ALT+D                Go to address bar of current Firefox page

ALT+E                Go to Mozilla Firefox Edit Menu

ALT+F                Go to Mozilla Firefox File Menu

ALT+S                Go to Mozilla Firefox History Menu

ALT+T                Go to Mozilla Firefox Tools Menu

ALT+V                Go to Mozilla Firefox View Menu

Tab                    Move forward between all items on active web page

F5                      Refresh the active web page

F7                      F7 activate the cursor to move with keyboard

CTRL+SHIFT+DEL  Use to clear all Private Data history

CTRL+SHIFT+D     Use to Bookmarks all Firefox Tabs 


F11                     Press F11 key to view any webpage in full-screen view and then again press for normal view.

Press Ctrl+Enter   Windows will automatically add both "www" and ".com". For example, if we type

google

in an address bar and then press Ctrl-Enter, Windows will take us to the www.google.com

Press Shift+Enter   Windows will automatically add both "www" and ".net"Press Ctrl+Shift+Enter    Windows will automatically add both "www" and ".org"

Convert older Office documents to Office 2007 format

The Office 2007 applications such as Word and Excel can open a spreadsheet or a document which is in an older edition of Office. They can open such older version documents in Compatibility Mode. However, if you need to make use of various newer features available in Office 2007, you will have to convert older Office documents to Office 2007 format. The feature to covert older Office documents to Office 2007 format is very useful. For example, you can now utilize 1.1 million rows in the 2007 version of Excel. In the older versions you could only use sixty-five thousand rows. The method to convert older Office documents to Office 2007 format is the same for all applications. Here we are using the example of a Word document of previous version. If you open a Word or Excel document of an older version, you see [Compatibility Mode] as part of the title.



Follow these steps to convert older Office documents to Office 2007 format:

Open the Word document which you want to convert into Word 2007 format.

Click on the Microsoft Office button on the top left.

Click on Convert on the left hand side of the menu.



Click on the OK button on the Microsoft Word Office dialog box which appears.



By clicking on the OK button, the document will be automatically converted into the Word 2007 format. You will notice that now the window does not show [Compatibility Mode] as part of the title bar any longer.

Protect MS Excel file using password


In Microsoft Excel, you can protect a single cell, group of cells on a worksheet or an entire workbook by applying password so that unauthorized person can not display as well as modify your document. You can apply two types of password.

Password to open the document:

If it is applied then you have to give the correct password to open the workbook. Otherwise you cannot open the workbook.

Password to modify the document:

If it is applied then you have to give the correct password to modify the workbook. Otherwise your workbook is opened but you cannot modify the workbook. It means that your workbook becomes read-only.

To apply a password to MS Excel document, follow the given steps:

First click on "Tools" menu and select the "Option" from drop down menu.



A windows dialog box will appear, here select the "Security" tab.Enter first password in "Password to open" text box under "File encryption settings for this workbook" section and second password in "Password to modify" text box (if required) under" File sharing settings for the workbook" section then click "Ok" button of dialog box.



Microsoft Excel will open "Confirm Password" dialog box for the confirmation of passwords. The maximum length of password is 15 characters.

Re-enter the password to open and password to modify and click "Ok" button of Confirm Password dialog boxes one by one.



Now close the file and then reopen to test the password.

Protect MS Word Document with Password

You can protect your Microsoft Word document by applying password so that unauthorized person can not display as well as modify your document. You can apply two types of passwords:

Password to open the document:

If it is applied then you have to give the correct password to open the document, otherwise you cannot open the document.

Password to modify the document:

If it is applied then you have to give the correct password to modify the document, otherwise your document is opened but you cannot modify the document. It means that your document becomes read-only.

To apply a password to document, follow these steps :

* Open Save As dialog box by selecting "Save As" command from File menu.

* Click "Tools" button of Save As dialog box and choose "General Options" from drop down menu, "Save" dialog box appears as shown in figure below.

* Enter first password in "Password to open" text box and second password in "Password to modify" text box (if required) and click "Ok" button of dialog box. Microsoft Word will open "Confirm Password" dialog box for the confirmation of passwords. The maximum length of password is 15 characters.

* Re-enter the password to open and password to modify and click "Ok" button of Confirm Password dialog boxes one by one.

* Click "Save" button of Save As dialog box.

Show and use the Shortcuts keys in Word 2007


In Word 2007, most of the shortcut keys are same from the earlier versions such as Word 2000 and Word 2003. But the interesting thing in Word 2007 is that, Microsoft provides a new look or system for these shortcuts keys. In earlier Word versions, you must be memorized to use the shortcuts keys such as (CTRL + B" to make letters bold and "CTRL + I" to make letters italic). But now do not require planned memorization in latest Word 2007 version. There is a fast, simple, and visual way to find out what you need to press.
Now by pressing the "ALT" button and many options or keyboard shortcuts (containing letters or numbers) will be appear on top of the toolbar buttons.
You will see here, For Example:
Alt-F = Office Button
Alt-1 = Save
Alt-2 = Undo
Alt-3 = Redo
Alt-H = Home
Alt-N = Insert tab
Alt-P = Page Layout tab
Alt-S = References tab
Alt-M = Mailings tab
Alt-R =Review tab
Alt-V =View tab
Alt-L = Developer tab




Now if you want to view the shortcuts keys for any other individual tabs. For example if you go to the Insert tab by pressing ALT-N only, then you will be able to see the extra shortcuts keys available.

Here Now if you press a letter listed below small image it will be like pushing that button. For Example
V = to set cover page
NP = insert new blank page
B = Page break
T = Insert table
P = Insert picture
F= Insert Clip Art
SH = Insert shapes
C = Chart



Make Word 2007 always save in 2003 format


Not everyone has updated to the 2007 edition of Microsoft Office. So a problem arises as we send them a Word 2007 document without converting it into 2003 format. However, it is possible to make Word 2007 always save in 2003 format. By changing a few settings, we can make Word 2007 always save in 2003 format automatically. This can save our time as we won’t have to convert a document each time we have to send one. Follow these steps to make Word 2007 always save in 2003 format:
1.     Open Word 2007.
2.     Click on the Office button.




     3.     Click on the Word Options button at the bottom.



      4.     The Word Options dialog box will appear.

5.     Select the Save tab.
6.     Select “Word 97-2003 Document” from the menu of “Save files in this format”.  



7.     Click on the OK button.
After this you will never have to worry about mistakenly sending the incorrect format of Microsoft Word 2007 to anyone. The same procedure can be used to change the settings of Microsoft Excel 2007.

Secure a Wireless Network from Hackers


The reason we secure a wireless network is to stop people from using the services of our network who don't have permission to utilize them. It is harder to secure a wireless network from hackers as compared to a classic wired network. This is due to the fact that a wireless network can be accessed anywhere inside the range of its antenna.
In order to secure a wireless network from hackers, we should take proper steps to save ourselves against security issues. If you don't secure a wireless network from hackers, you might end up without its service. The consequence might also include the utilization of our network to attack further networks. To secure a wireless network from hackers, you should follow these simple wireless networking tips:
1.       Strategic antenna placement:
The first thing you have to do is to position the access point's antenna in a place which restricts the range of its signal to go further than the required area. You should not put the antenna close to a window because glass can't obstruct its signals. Place it in a central location of the building.
2.    Use WEP:
WEP stands for Wireless encryption protocol.  It's a customary technique for encrypting traffic on a wireless network. You should never skip it as that will allow hackers to get instant access to the traffic over a wireless network.
3.       Change the SSID, disable the broadcast of SSID:
SSID stands for service set identifier.  It is the recognition thread utilized by the wireless access point due to which the customers are capable of starting connections. For every wireless access point arranged, select an exclusive as well as unique SSID. Also, if it's attainable, hold back the broadcast of the SSID out over the antenna. It won\t appear in the listing of offered networks, while being able to provide services as usual.
4.       Disable DHCP:
By doing this, the hackers will have to decode the TCP/IP parameters, subnet mask as well as the IP address in order to hack your wireless network.
5.       Disable or modify SNMP settings:
Change the private as well as public community settings of SNMP. You can also just disable it. Otherwise the hackers will be able to utilize SNMP to get significant info regarding your wireless network.
6.       Utilize access lists:

      For additional security of your wireless network, and if your access point support this feature, employ an access list. An access list lets us determine precisely which machinery is permitted to attach to an access point. The access points which include the access list can employ trivial file transfer protocol (TFTP) now and then in order to download modernized lists to steer clear of hackers.